NASHVILLE — The Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance (TDCI) is urging consumers to be wary of potential price gouging following the severe winter storm that swept across Tennessee last weekend.
Tennessee’s price gouging laws make it unlawful for individuals and businesses to charge unreasonable prices for essential goods and services including gasoline, food, ice, fuel, generators, lodging, storage space, and other necessities in direct response to a disaster regardless of whether that emergency occurred in Tennessee or elsewhere.
The price gouging law also makes it unlawful to charge a price that is grossly in excess of the price charged prior to the emergency.
This price gouging act is triggered when a disaster is declared by the state or by the federal government. The Tennessee Emergency Management Agency declared a state of emergency at 3 p.m. CST on Jan. 21.
Penalties for violations of the act are up to $1,000 per violation. Additionally, the Tennessee Attorney General, in conjunction with TDCI’s Division of Consumer Affairs, can request that a court issue injunctions and order civil penalties of up to $1,000 for each violation. The state can also seek refunds for consumers.
In addition to home repair services and building supplies, some may need gasoline and emergency supplies and services. These goods and services are also subject to the price-gouging laws.
Problems that sometimes arise after a natural disaster include price gouging (in which a business unreasonably raises rates on essential goods and services during a state of emergency or in response to a disaster), as well as fraud or misrepresentations in the areas of home repair and debris removal. For example, a fraudulent operator may take upfront monies promising to complete a home repair or to remove debris and vanish without completing the work.
Consumers may also get shoddy repairs from unlicensed contractors, or they do not receive the goods and services at the promised price.
Here are some tips for consumers to remember:
- Avoid high pressure sales tactics urging you to act quickly.
- Do not pay money upfront. Wait until the job is finished.
- Ask questions and get references from people you trust before hiring someone to do work.
- Get the whole deal in writing. If a contractor promises you something, get it in writing.
- Keep a record of your property damage and any repairs made to your property. Take photos during the repair work and afterward. You should also take photos of any repair work you believe was not done correctly.
If you have a problem with a business, you can file a complaint at www.tn.gov/consumer or call toll-free 1-800-342-8385.